The Contemporary New England Witch

The Contemporary New England Witch
Ms Faith

Thursday, May 31, 2018

Five Witches Herbs Everyone Must Have or Grow!


Greetings My Witchy Reader,

Especially this time of year, the end of spring and the beginning of the growing season there are so many herbs and plants, flowers, grasses, vegetables, fruits, trees, that a witch can plant to add to her magickal apothecary, but to get by with the basics and sometimes you only need the very basic of ingredients, the following five herbs will do the majority of what you need: 


Rosemary:  This heavily scented, strong, resinous, and long lasting herb, lasting even ling after it has been dried is probably, if I had to choose one all around, all purpose herb, the one that will do the most magickal jobs, than any other herb in the cupboard. It has the ability to bring about pleasant memories, to change unpleasant memories into less harmful ones and it can neutralize bad memories from the past. Keeping it around can do this, smelling it, and burning it daily can eliminate unhappy connections to those who hurt you in the past.



In Medieval times it was burnt with juniper in sick rooms to purify the air and during this time it was hung around the neck to protect against the plague and a twig worn around the neck would protect against the evil eye. 

There is even lovers lore around rosemary which says a man unable to appreciate the smell of rosemary is unable to give true love to a woman and that rosemary attracts good faeries yet hanging it over a baby's crib it prevents faeries from stealing infants!

Cinquefoil: 

This plant also called witches five fingered grass is known for it's many magickal drawing properties of love, money, protection, health and wisdom and is considered a mercury herb as it grows along the ground and is often known as a commonly called name as butter cups. It is an herb which is dried and can be burnt and carried in a pouch and can be boiled in a potion, it has many uses. It is found along waysides and fields and along roadways and is a common weed but is a jewel for a witch.

Always have cinquefoil on hand as it can do most of what you need and it's ability is stronger than most herbs.



Rose:  Has both love and protection and is considered a portal to another realm to the dream, astral plain. Regardless of color any rose plant, not just the flower but the plant and the thorns have this power and even the roots of the rose has this ability, as well as the oil and the water infused from this plant.



Sage:   A plant that is clean and sacred and has a divine energy and vibration. That when burned cleanses and eliminates frenetic, low level vibrational energies from an area, or room. There are many types of sages that can be used, some cleanse unwanted energies, some raise vibrational energies, some are good for culinary purposes, knowing the right sages for the proper reasons make all the difference in the world for your purposes.


Thyme:  This herb will bring in the faerie energies, especially where it grows wild. It brings in courage and for the Greeks it provided bravery, a pillow stuffed with thyme prevents nightmares and promotes positive and happy dreams, and wearing a sprig of thyme in your hair supposedly makes you more approachable!

Also used for courage, banishing negativity, purifying, cleansing, happiness, healing, love, prosperity, protection and divination.


All of the above herbs have so much more magickal properties than simply the ones listed but there is always more than what is listed, always more than meets the eye. These five are a wonderful start to your dried or living herbal garden or herbal stock.

Have you Found the Magick Today? Ms. Faith


Live, Laugh and Always Love




© 2010-2018 Faith M. McCann. Portions of this blog posting may include materials from my book “Enchantments School for the Magickal Arts First Year Magickal Studies.” For more information, see www.enchantmentsschool.com or go to the title of tonight's discussion and click, it will link you to my school's website. Please note that the copying and/or further distribution of this work without express written permission is prohibited. 

 If you know someone who would like my work, please send them this link. If you or they would like to receive the link to the most current weekly blog post send me an e mail with your email address. You will receive a new blog post weekly. If you ever wish to unsubscribe to this blog, please contact me and you will be immediately removed from our list.

Wednesday, May 30, 2018

Five Magickal Witch Salts to Make and To Use !!




Greetings My Witchy Reader, '


The most well known of the magickal witch salts is the black witches ritual salt and of course the white sea salt used to purify and protect and used in so many rituals and protective spells.

But there are other witch salts one can make and use and you can make these yourself and use them in various ways in your magickal practice. The reason this is a timely discussion is many of the ingredients that are used are flowers and plant materials that are now in abundance in your gardens.

The first and most famous of salts is the famous witches black salt. I disagree with those who simply mix black pepper in with salt, as that is a culinary mixture as far as I am concerned. But you need to do what you choose. I, use black salt for the protective purposes is has had for centuries and it has traditionally been sea salt or kosher salt mixed with charred iron scrapping from a cast iron cauldron. Which is what I use today.

You may use charcoal and grind the salt up with it in a mortar and pestle or cook the salt with the cauldron and scrap  the residue in the bottom until it gets black. Adding a bit of charcoal helps the process along. Reminding it that heat and protection is it's purpose by getting it hot is very effective I find.

You can use this as a boundary along doorways to keep out those whom you feel are harmful, and any negative energies cannot find their way across this barrier of protection. Brick dust works the same way. I used to use brick dust often but find myself drawn to black salt more often of late. You need to use what feels right for you. If any ingredient or supply causes you to feel ill at ease when using it, don't question why simply move onto something that seems to work better.

Now onto some of the more unusual and fun salts! Such as red salt! So pretty and useful for passion, love, lust and also for bringing energy and excitement into your life. Especially if you have been down in the "dumps" or need a emotional or spiritual "pick me up" red salt can do this. First to make it.

Place sea salt or kosher salt (which will be the base for all of the recipes) in the mortar and pestle, no heat for this one, as we do not want it to get black. And grind it going deosil (clockwise) with paprika and if you desire a spicy touch to the situation (though keep in mind NONE of these salts are to be ingested in any fashion!!) you can add some cayenne pepper, the dried powdered variety. You may add some red food color (powdered is ideal) but if you have to add liquid, very little at a time and mix well, so it does not clump and ruin the mixture. A bit of garnet powder can also be added and then this salt can be used by placing around a flaming red candle and placing stones of love drawing properties in the salt. Even a bowl of the salt near your bed will help drawn wanted energies to you. And could increase the libido, if desired.



Blue Witches Salt

The next witches salt is blue salt. The color of the salts is the magickal property, more so than really any of the herbs, and there is no essential oils being added so do not think this is some kind of herbal bath salt/oil type of thing happening here!! No, color is a magickal system, in and of itself. I am using some plants, flowers and herbs, for instance for this beautiful blue salt, I use blue iris and  other blue blossoms that are blooming in my garden from lilac and violet, and grind them up in a mortar and pestle. The blue salt then can have a pinch or two of blue food color and can be used for spells that I need protection  against the evil eye, harmful things said against me, communication and for spells strengthening the words I use and also court cases and eloquence. Blue is for the throat chakra and any magick to do with speech and persuasion and even manipulation using the tongue.

Green Witches Salt:

Next we can use green witches salt, made by grinding dried green herbs, the favorites being rosemary, dill, mints and your simple everyday witches green herbs into salt and mixing well. We can use this for abundance, wealth as well as physical health and anything having to do with the physical world. Abundance, fertility, growth, and sustenance. You can use your imagination as to how you may choose to  use it, but again even as you put it together and may say to  yourself, "Hmmm, all of these ingredients are edible, maybe I could cook with it and slide all of this over into kitchen witchery, do not do so. Keep the witches salts separate and the kitchen witchery separate.

These salts are  used primarily as a strong protective, banishing and or drawing substance into your world. Magickal work done with food is more subtle and gentle and you do not want such strong energies entering your physical body. Having them around the house is fine, in the room is fine.

For instance we have a bowl of sea salt with rusted nails on the floor next to the front door of the store, most would not even notice and it is for protection. Even in a pinch I wowuld never be tempted to use that salt to season my lunch!!

Orange Witches Salt:


You can even make a mixture of orange witches salt for change and reversal of your current situation and to bring about needed change of what is going on in your world. Orange can be made by finely shredding orange peel, only the peel, no pith, and chopping it finely and grinding it with the salt, adding any orange blossoms from flowers, or a few drops of orange food color but again keep the mixture as dry as possible. After every drop the mixture must be mixed thoroughly so there are no clumps. Even though above the blue salt is used in court cases, where you would be dealing with a judge and or jury, interestingly enough, any other legal matters, or any dealings with attorneys, the orange salt is the best colored salt to use. The color orange syncs up with legal energies and also give you extra protection against any nefarious energies that may be directed at you from any unscrupulous attorneys, and that is so often the case these days.

If you find yourself heading to a meeting where you will be sitting down with an attorney, perhaps one for the 'other side' as the case may be, have a small zip lock bag of the orange salt in your pocket, or in your billfold, even laying flat under your foot in your shoe. It will keep you protected.



This is a really important one, as hindsight is always 20/20 so you know now!! Go prepared and all of these salts can help in so many ways and they are easy to make at home. Sea salt and or kosher salt is cheapest at the supermarket and all of the ingredients are very in expensive and work really well.

After you make your salt, store it in a dry, sealed container. I like glass, but something where it will not get moist and keep it in a cool, dark place and use it whenever you need that extra ooomph to your magickal day!!



Have You Found the Magick Today?!    Ms. Faith





© 2010-2018 Faith M. McCann. Portions of this blog posting may include materials from my book “Enchantments School for the Magickal Arts First Year Magickal Studies.” For more information, see www.enchantmentsschool.com or go to the title of tonight's discussion and click, it will link you to my school's website. Please note that the copying and/or further distribution of this work without express written permission is prohibited. 

 If you know someone who would like my work, please send them this link. If you or they would like to receive the link to the most current weekly blog post send me an e mail with your email address. You will receive a new blog post weekly. If you ever wish to unsubscribe to this blog, please contact me and you will be immediately removed from our list.

Sunday, May 27, 2018

Ways to Cleanse your Sacred Space before Casting A Circle



Greetings My Witchy Reader,

This discussion is likely to be more brief than some, but I hope you find the content of interest also.  Many are aware of the basics of casting a circle, but there is the opportunity to prepare the area for the circle casting and ritual beforehand by 'cleansing' are ritual area.

Now, this is more necessary, for lack of a better word, if the circle is being cast in an area where other mundane things are normally done on a regular basis. In other words if you do not have a dedicated, consecrated ritual room, and you cast your circles in the kitchen or living room or your bedroom or even on your back deck, then clearing the area beforehand is helpful to set the vibrational energy and prepare it to be raised with the circle casting and ritual work.

Many have heard of the fairly common practice of using the besom, or witches broom for sweeping the air around the circle before casting the circle to cleanse any unwanted energies away. It is typical to start at the north and sweep around the circle in a deosil direction, or clockwise going to the east, then south and then west and ending back in the north again. This is done holding the broom high, then again in same direction, all the way around at mid level and then for a last, third time, holding the broom just above the floor. While going around, be sure to be "sweeping" with the business end of the broom.

Going around with the besom has been a traditional way to cleanse the energy for decades. Yet there are other ways to cleanse the energy and interestingly they all pretty much involve some form of utilizing the elements.

Where the besom uses the air element, another way to use the air element is to use a bell. Now, before I go on, make sure the sound of the bell is pleasing to your ear. Each of us hears sounds, tones, musical notes and keys in our own special way. That is why some can sing and some better than others, and some not at all. So a bell that might have a discordant sound to your ear will be very ineffective and not helpful in any magickal way.  Always, always, ring the bell before buying and I personally would never buy a bell on line or without hearing it first.

Then when you have the bell you love the sound of, you can, again, start over the altar and ring the bell, then go to the north and move deosil and ring the bell at each watchtower. The vibrations will carry the unwanted energies away. Again this is done before the circle casting.

Another method to cleanse the area to prepare it for ritual work is smudge. You can use desert sage which will cleanse and eliminate unwanted energies but no need to use too much of this, just a small amount around the circle. After going around the circle it is nice to follow up with a White Sage blessing sage. We use a sage grown in southern California, it is not the culinary cooking sage so common in southern New England. One needs to be careful and aware as many varieties of sage has the common name of 'white sage' but not all 'white sages' are the same.

A more unusual method for cleansing the circle area for ritual before the ceremony starts is to spend a half an hour or so, silently chalking sacred symbols and sigils around the circles perimeter making sure the symbols are around a 9 foot diameter, so they would be out 4 and a half feet from the center of the circle. The 9 foot circle is traditional and we can go into that in another discussion. But chalk, using white chalk, symbols that are meaningful to you or your coven. Be they astrological symbols, runes, magickal symbols, pagans symbols, Egyptian, Celtic, religious, any symbols that are spiritually significant to you. By being silent while chalking these symbols you are allowing the symbols to speak and their power is banishing unwanted energies, as had been one of their purposes and responsibilities throughout history.

Another way to clear the circle of negative and or unwanted energies is to use the element of fire. Light a large pillar candle and when the flame is burning strong and solid, start in the north and walk slowly around the circle and envision the energy of the flame blasting out from the center of the circle, you may visualize the center of the working altar as your center if you would like and the energy going past you and the lit candle and flowing out and pushing all unwanted energy out and away as you slowly walk around going deosil until you come full circle to the north again. Repeat this two additional times.



Should the candle flame flare up, spin, dip, twist or do anything unusual, try your best to keep your focus and continue the circuit around the circle. You may walk around with the flame three times, just as you walk three times with the broom.

Yet, another way to cleanse or bless in this fashion the area of the ritual circle before casting the circle is with your hands and your inner spiritual energy. Stand before the altar, center, close eyes if you choose, and become quiet and balanced. Rub hands together, then clap sharply three times and turn and hold hands, palms out towards the north and walking slowly deosil around the circle and feel your energy absorb the unwanted energy into your hands and feel it swirl and flow into your body and then send it back out again directly and sharply and keep a fine tuned sense of your inner energy so you can tell that all unwanted energy has been expelled from the circles area.

One last method I will leave you with, but know there are many more and more yet that you can come up with, for magick is only what you create, as long as you follow the art and science and it works, well then! That makes it so! 

This last method is a method for creating a cleansed area for a ritual area that can be done the night or day before or even several hours and that is by drawing a circle around the ritual area with a heavy border of salt. Laying down a boundary line of salt, and leaving it for several hours causes unwanted energies and entities to vacate and creates a neutral area. This neutralized energy can now be energized and 'charged' by using incense or blessing sage either before casting a circle or during the casting of the ritual circle.




All of these methods are possible ways to honor and take notice of the ritual area before the ritual begins and a period of preparation time is important. During this time, one starts to transform the mind and spirit and energy of the body into a place of ritual trance getting ready for the ceremony.

Simple chores like setting up the altar, getting the incense ready, the water, perhaps choosing the music, cleansing the area before the ritual, all of these things help get one in the proper mood for a fulfilling spiritual experience.

Remember if you want magick in your life, a little, a lot it is all up to you. No one will make it happen, it is waiting for you to make it happen in your life, so start, now. in some way even a small way.  Make the magick happen today!!



Live, Laugh and Always Love  Ms. Faith






© 2010-2018 Faith M. McCann. Portions of this blog posting may include materials from my book “Enchantments School for the Magickal Arts First Year Magickal Studies.” For more information, see www.enchantmentsschool.com or go to the title of tonight's discussion and click, it will link you to my school's website. Please note that the copying and/or further distribution of this work without express written permission is prohibited.

 If you know someone who would like my work, please send them this link. If you or they would like to receive the link to the most current weekly blog post send me an e mail with your email address. You will receive a new blog post weekly. If you ever wish to unsubscribe to this blog, please contact me and you will be immediately removed from our list.

Monday, May 14, 2018

Back to Basics- The Cauldron



Gundestrup Celtic Cauldron Replica - original c. 1st or 2nd century BCE

Good Evening Magickal Reader,

In this back to basics discussion it would be easy to simply have you go out and buy a cauldron, a small cast iron one to burn charcoal in and then burn dried herbs, resins and powdered incenses. Yet, the cauldron in magickal witch lore goes back thousands of years to at least the Gundestrup Celtic Cauldron which was created in the first or second century BCE - Before the Common Era (before the year 0) and was absolutely a magickal vessel simply by the depictions inscribed around it's entire surface.

In ancient mythology from Wales, Scotland, the Netherlands, to the far east to ancient Chinese lore cauldrons have a long and reputed magickal legend and one of the strongest magickal powers the cauldron contains, in just about every culture it is found in, is transformation.

In truth, so many objects had dual purposes in ancient times, a practical purposes and a magickal purposes in legend and lore, from the swords that could defend and could also denote the natural ruler or a good man as opposed to a coward or one not worthy.  A bow that would only shoot straight for one who was worthy or kingly,  but it could also hunt.  The Hebrew hoshen (Priestly Breastplate) was part of the priestly garments in ancient Judah but the breastplate itself contained twelve semi precious to precious stones inlaid which in addition to representing the twelve tribes of Israel also each had specific magickal qualities, as the same stones, crystals and minerals are thought to have magickal properties to this day.

I truly believe this, as I believe in magick. Not simply because I know it to be true as I have seen it manifest as I have set it forth to, time and time again, but it is a comfort also to know that the same magickal/spiritual beliefs that ancient cultures, races and peoples have believed for thousands and thousands of years. History is filled with things that did not work, and ideas that fell short quickly going out of vogue. If magick did not work, then it would not be here in any fashion 3,000 years later.

Back to the cauldron. The Cauldron, like any pot you put on heat add liquid to, and add ingredients to, the heat and the water vapors combine to transform anything you have put into the pot.  It will break down the hardness, the fibrous, the raw,  the crunchy, chunky, rough and stringy and to cook it over a long period of time, it will break down and become softer, or smoother, or more tender and flavors will meld and combine one changed flavor,  "marry" is the culinary term and this is what the cauldron does in all ways it is used, physically and metaphorically.  It transforms,  changing one base material which when exposed to friction/heat and so becomes something else. Well the cauldron is also a huge metaphor for ourselves, our bodies in our body, mind and spirit, and how our life experiences transform us, and who we are on the other side, and that other side can be tomorrow, and again next week, or next year.

So, is our bodies the cauldron, our lives themselves, our very thoughts, our actions, our reactions. Our choices, our decisions, .  .  .  yes, we can say our body is the skin of the cauldron, the air outside is the world, and what we put into the cauldron is everything that affects us and that we deal with, that we bring in and process on any level. So what we put into the cauldron includes all from actual food and drink, to thoughts, words, deeds, boundaries we set, what we allow, our fears, our triumphs, our joys, our sorrows, everything, and what do we ladle out after it is done?

Now, mind you and this is very important, I am not telling you, and won't tell you what to put into your cauldron. That is up to you and even those experiences and circumstances you would not have chosen consciously for yourself, know your soul chose those experiences. All of the days and experiences you go through go into your cauldron and you mix it up and the person that comes out once the mixture is done brewing is what you "make of it".

Oh! Did you want everything to go smoothly now that you have an idea of how things really work!!?? Hahahah, allow me a moment to cackle!! Sorry, but no witchling, actually it tends to go in the opposite direction, sorry to say. The more you are aware of the ways and means the more challenging the universe becomes. Kind of like finally finding the perfect road to where you really, really need to get to! It is a perfect road, straight, smooth, recently paved and flat and not a bump on the surface!

You fuel up the car, pack everything up and head out on your way. But what would normally take a day or two to get there, well you run into a terrible storm on your way. A large tree falls across  your path and you have to wait a day for the utility crews to come and clear it (as there is no other way to go once you have started and are this far along on your chosen path, roadway) then after the road is clear again, and you start off again, then you have some digestive upset from that diner food you ate last night, and are forced to make many stops along the way.  Many people would say, throwing hands up in the air "It isn't meant to be!, the signs are telling me to turn back! Bad omens!!"  No, not at all!! A bad omen would be your car not starting in your driveway the morning you were setting off!  No, the Universe is simply testing you.

Are you serious about this path? Really? Because you will get what you desire so very badly, but remember you only get the amount payback in relation to the amount of effort you put into it. So, maybe you need to prove to the universe and to yourself how serious you really are!! DO your magick!! Or whatever else you desire to do! Do not let anything sway you or set you aside!

Many tell me they do not get to spend as much time practicing magick as they would like, then do more.  Some say they have so many magickal books that they have to read, then take a book right now, open it and start reading it. And mark your calendar with various magickal things you want to do, on different days and on each month mark a new book you will start.

Everyone benefits from having a special magickal calendar not only to follow their moons and Sabbats but to also jot down when to do a cleansing banishing spell, when to charge crystals under the full moon, when to do a love spell, or a money spell or .  .  .  you get my point. Fill your calendar even with one additional magickal thing a week, or if you are ambitious a day, and soon it will be a way of life not something you do, but the way you live.

Do not bemoan the unfortunate or uncomfortable, or unhappy experiences you find in your cauldron, learn what you can from them and hopefully you allow them to make you softer and gentler and not harder, bitter or tougher.  So challenging times, the most difficult and life changing will transform us, sadly it seems more so than happy and joyous occasions, but we can assist in our transformation if we are aware of the possibility of each and every occasion having that possibility.

So pay close attention and allow the moments, the magickal of each day and for each magickal moment you create to help transform you into the magickal person you desire to be.

In the past year I have gone through a lot of change and transformation, and have come to a place, wiser, much more intuitive,  and where I am always sure with my clients as to my psychic ability from over 30 years of having psychic experiences,  over the past year I have come to know I am very accurate as to my psychic insight into my life and now I believe it much more readily.  Someone tried to make me question my ability a year ago, but after all shook out that really awful, negative person is not in my life and my magick is, and I am the winner in every possible way, and so very happy and fulfilled with all the love, light and happiness I find myself surrounded with.

Sometimes you may find yourself walking alone but that is okay also. The only things I will not walk along with is hate, regret, anger, bitterness, fear, hurt or any negative emotions.  I simply do not have room for that inside. My cauldron stirs and stirs and I will only accept love and light to come out of it. That doesn't mean being walked over, taken advantage of or being a push over, if anything it means being a stronger person and holding others accountable for for their participation in your life! Yes, hmmmmm, think about that!! That is right any who are in your life, if you are an adult, and a magickal person, are in your life because you allow them to be, no matter who they are. That is your choice. Be good with it. Or change it. As simple as that. And sometimes the change is within you and sometimes the change is how you allow them to participate in your life, but you always have the control. Always. That is the work of your cauldron, YOU are the only one stirring it. No one ever else gets to touch the stirring stick,



There is more magick, more alchemy, more  magickal and spiritual manifestation in this work than in any spell you can cast. This sounds advanced, because it is. I introduce it as a basic concept because it is. You start with it in the beginning and you never stop working it. Ever.

So look around, look within, and see what it is you are adding and how you are stirring and what you plan to have come out when this stew is ready. Then plan what your next batch will be.


Live, Laugh and Always Love!!













© 2010-2018 Faith M. McCann. Portions of this blog posting may include materials from my book “Enchantments School for the Magickal Arts First Year Magickal Studies.” For more information, see www.enchantmentsschool.com or go to the title of tonight's discussion and click, it will link you to my school's website. Please note that the copying and/or further distribution of this work without express written permission is prohibited. 

 If you know someone who would like my work, please send them this link. If you or they would like to receive the link to the most current weekly blog post send me an e mail with your email address. You will receive a new blog post weekly. If you ever wish to unsubscribe to this blog, please contact me and you will be immediately removed from our list.

Monday, April 30, 2018

When A Witch Loses A Familiar ~ How To Honor Them




Munchie McCann 7-04-1999  -  4-30-2018 

Dear Magickal Reader,

My sweet Munchie kitty, who I had from the earliest kitten days, for 18 and a half years, passed away just a couple of weeks ago.

I received Munchie as a tiny fluffy kitten for my birthday, at a backyard party at the end of August in 1999, from my sister Cindy. She gave her to me in a unique basket carrier unlike any I have ever seen and when she came out she was simply .  .  .  fluff.  Hahaha !! It would have been so easy name her Fluffy, or Cotton, or some such fuzzy, puffy sort of name but she had a hidden talent!

Yes, as soon as she was exposed to dry food, she never went back! And I mean never! She never ate a speck of wet cat food, people food, anything except for dry cat food and dry crunchie cat treats until the day she passed. As a matter of fact, she was named for the fact that as soon as she was around dry cat food she started to munch and crunch! Hence the name she wore proudly for the rest of her life "Munchie"

The first year of little fluffy Munchie's life was difficult as we had to have the house re-constructed and a lot of rebuilding and home improvement was done for almost a year. She was scared of the noise and we kept her as an inside cat as the out door cats in our neighborhood had never had the best life expectancy. So the poor baby developed PTSD (something we never though possible! But it is!!) and she was so scared of everything and everyone, she would never let anyone get close to her or touch her, and she spent her time sleeping behind sofas and where she could keep an eye on people, never letting anyone, even me, too close.

She would be around all of us, but she simply kept us at a distance. But we respected her wishes. It was a bit tricky, having to catch her to bring her to the vet for her shots every three years but we made it work, until surprisingly about 4 years ago. Munchie developed Diabetes!

Of course it was scary and we were very worried but with awesome veterinarian care and giving her her medication twice a day, she remained healthy and then something truly magickal happened! Munchie's PTSD faded away! She started to allow me to pick her up, she started coming up onto the bed to sleep during the day and wanting to crawl up on me to be cuddled at night! It was like having a whole different cat! We developed a bond, where in the end we had "cuddle time" twice a day, sometimes more, where I picked her up and cradled her and just rocked her and sang or hummed to her and she purred and her tail always flicked! It did not simply wave as many cats tails do, she flicked it with vigor and attitude! She did that right to the end, letting me know she was okay!!




"On the Stoop with My Diet Coke! Hahahaha  Kitties don't drink Diet Coke! Munchie always had a great sense of humor!!"


I knew her bones were getting tired with arthritis, so we put a set of steps on the side of the bed for her, and I took the time, every morning to put down all of my gear. My pocket book, my briefcase, my duffel bag with all of my books and research material, my lunch,  all I may have already picked up and on my way out the door to go to work, and I would put it all down to lean over and kiss her head and tell her I would be back soon and for her to wait for me.  My exact words were always "Make sure you are here when I come home."

Munchie had silly quirks that made her so unique. She liked to play with her fuzzy paws in her fresh water at night only, and after she had her fresh drink of water and she has stood for five or ten minutes in the water ( I always told her she was going swimming) then she would come to bed and liked to walk over me, maybe trying to keep me cool! But I never minded and she finally got comfortable enough to demand she lay on top of my chest at night for a half hour or so and she learned many words, especially "give me kisses" and she would lick my nose and rub her face against mine. She knew the words "water" and "drink", "treats" and "sleep" and I truly believe the Goddess made it possible for her and all animals to know, somehow inside the meaning of the word "love". I know Munchie knew the words "I love you", when I told her this. I have no question at all.  Scientists who study animals say that cats and dogs can understand a couple of hundred words fluently. I know this to be true with my cats. I can say a complete sentence and they will be off to do something or to go where I ask them to go.

   "Kisses on the nose"

Some nights she would be restless and would walk over my pillow, along the headboard from one side to the other until she found the side of my pillow that she found the most comfortable. During the day her favorite was to find a sunny spot for a little while and sleep in the sunshine spot.

She finally had her last day a few weeks ago, and she did as she had always promised. She waited for me to get home. She had been disoriented for a little while, and before I could get her to the vet, she had a seizure. Then I sang to her as I brought her to the vet and that seemed to bring her peace, and the wonderful vet and techs at the Bolton Vet helped her pass peacefully and with no pain. At 18 and a half years old. We were the best friends, the witch and her familiar and she knew I would always be there for her and I knew I always would be, there was never another thought, ever. 

It was curious, as even at the end there was no anxiety, or stress or a sense of needing to rush, if anything I took my time as I knew, and I wanted as much time with her as I could have. I am so content that I got it. 

I think the very worse, for me, is never knowing .  .  .  when that last moment .  .  .  is the last moment .  .  .  when you will see that special person .  .  .  or the last time you hear that loved voice .  .  .  or the last time you see someone's smile or feel their hug .  .  .  before they are no longer and only if you knew, .  .  .  it was the last time, for me, that would make things better, somehow. I'm glad I had that opportunity with Munchie. Both of us are at peace.

I have her ashes in a beautiful clay cauldron and her paw print and all are on my altar. I will be making a special spot for her cauldron and I will be putting photos of her up. There are many ways to remember and honor your familiar when they pass. Remember their magick was within them, so it does not have to be dissipated or eliminated in anyway.




Planting a garden spot for them, having a remembrance altar for all special souls in your life who have passed on,  making a crystal grid with their memory, perhaps with their picture as a background and silicone or glue the crystals to the grid to make them permanent and then it can be hung on the wall in the ancestor altar area.

For a cat, a center stone of cat's eye would be appropriate along with tiger's eye, surrounded by black tourmaline or morgano or morganite to connect with Bastet with the energies for which she is known for. Especially protection and love.

I have a friend who would brush her cat before she passed and would collect the fur and roll it into balls and then had those balls of fur and the cats energy after the cat passed and I like that so very much, as for me that has a better energy than the dead energy of the cremains.

Normally when a live pet is in magickal need a brown or dark green candle can be burned to bring them magickal energy to make them feel better or to get stronger after an illness or surgery, even to help them pass onto the other side with ease and little distress.

Once your familiar has passed you can burn purple or blue and white candles and I normally burn the candles, at night for a week or so. I like to imagine it helps light the way for my familiar to find her way to the other side. For cats I keep their whiskers (which have extreme magickal power, but only gather those naturally shed) in a heart shaped porcelain bisque box on my altar.

Most importantly do what feels right to you. Maybe you will create a new ritual or tradition for your fur friends when they pass? There is no wrong way to mourn their passing, but doing something is helpful and gives one a sense of closure which is so very important.

Also, in closing, do not be surprised if you have a sense of your loved familiar around, as if you sense them or can hear their collar jingling or hear them playing with a favorite toy, or even a faint meow. They are there and you can say hello. Some even feel a weight suddenly on their bed as if their pet had just jumped up. They did!  They may even send to you another to take their place, not that they do not miss you but they believe you absolutely need someone to take care of you and to look out for you and so somehow or someway you will find a fur friend come into your life.  This happens primarily when one pet passes and there are no others in the household and the owner is now alone. Soon a new fur baby will appear, as if led there by an angelic guide. Know when you are ready, then it will happen.

Most importantly, tell their story "sing their song" and they will always be remembered! I your lifetime you will have the wonderful opportunity to care for and be the magickal companion for many, many pets if you choose to. As long as you remember them, they will never be forgotten and one day you will be reunited with all of them. For we all go to the same place after we leave this earthly plane.


This was taken just before Munchie passed, on April 30, 2018. The eve of Beltane,  "Until I see you again, Sweet Munchie!! I will always love you, mom !!"


Live, Laugh and Always Love, Ms. Faith










© 2010-2018 Faith M. McCann. Portions of this blog posting may include materials from my book “Enchantments School for the Magickal Arts First Year Magickal Studies.” For more information, see www.enchantmentsschool.com or go to the title of tonight's discussion and click, it will link you to my school's website. Please note that the copying and/or further distribution of this work without express written permission is prohibited.

 If you know someone who would like my work, please send them this link. If you or they would like to receive the link to the most current weekly blog post send me an e mail with your email address. You will receive a new blog post weekly. If you ever wish to unsubscribe to this blog, please contact me and you will be immediately removed from our list.

Sunday, April 29, 2018

Some Faerie Magick and Lore for the Spring



Greetings My Spring Witchy Readers,

Well, Spring / Summer is upon us, finally!! A happy day it is also!! No more of winter's cold grasp, and we are wishing Summer stays for it's promised 6 month time period. For this time of the year faeries and Spring time / Summer time go hand in hand.

There is so much legend and lore that surround faeries, that volumes of books, whole libraries could have been written about them, and why not? They are thought to have been around before the human race came to the earth.  That is a long, magickal history, indeed.

Most countries and cultures have some sort of faerie folk in their legend and history. Whether they be gnomes, elves, trolls, sprites, nymphs, or some other sort of nature based, hidden, magickal non human creatures that supposedly live among us. Most notably is the Irish faerie that people know so well.  I personally believe from my research and studies throughout the decades that one of the reasons the Irish faerie is so well known is frankly because the Irish are such legendary story tellers! They have kept the stories and fairy tales and legends about the faeries going and fresh by repeating the stories for generations.

Now the first thing to know is faeries do not really tend to look like 'Tinkerbell" from Peter Pan but they can be little and or big, some have wings, not all though, and some are beautiful and pretty and some well .  .  .  not so pretty! Some can be helpful and nice and others can be spiteful and punishing. One must be very respectful when encountering any of the "Gentry", as they are also known. They are not fond of being referred to as "The Wee Folk". 

Probably the most important to realize is faeries are a race of magickal folk who inhabited the earth long before humans, and are not animal, vegetable or mineral nor human, but are a magickal creature made up of .  .  .  we are not sure what exactly! But they are sparkly at times, can absolutely glow, as I saw one once with my own eyes and it did indeed glow a beautiful, soft white light, and it was almost dark at twilight. They can be any size and they are here to aid the earth. Read that again. Without a doubt they are here to aid the Earth. I did not say humans, but the Earth.

Soooo .  .  .  lately with the current, ahem, state of world affairs, for what they are, I have heard people exclaim and worry if the world will survive the current Presidential Administration? What with Presidential Orders being signed at lightening speed to allow unnecessary trophy hunting of endangered species, allowing dangerous hazardous to the environment practices to continue, pulling out of global accords and agreements with other world nations that all wish to come together for one thing and one thing only, to ensure the clean, healthy, sustainable future for our planet, so I do not blame these people who express such concerns.

As a Pagan, an environmentalist, a lover of this world I will state it as I see it. There simply is no room, not even the tiniest inch for discussion about possible differing points of view when it comes to the continued existence of our planet vs. very, very rich people (call them corporations if you will but they are still being propelled by people) becoming more and more rich and not giving a single damn about a moment in time the second after their death. No, there is no other side of this coin, there is no "alternative facts", there is no "insider information we are not being made aware of".

We have an "entity" because a proper word has not been invented yet for "it" in the Pacific Ocean more than double the size of Texas, made up of human created plastics, and garbage materials. Not one country in the world will lay claim to this horrible tragic mess, leaving it up to private individuals to try to clean it up. More tragic still, is that this mass of garbage is only one of 5 that inhabit the world's oceans!  If you enjoy seafood, today, the day will come in your life, unless you are late in life, where you will see the end to our consumption of the oceans seafood.

The reason I am writing about this, is there is no Republican, nor Democratic, nor Christian, nor any other group, culture or belief that has any standing in any argument when it comes to the state of our world. We need to protect Her, because there is no Plan B. We are the guardians of Her for the children and the next generation, and what the current Presidential Administration and various politicians wish to do simply out of pique because of differences of whatever, it seems things as silly as the color of one's skin? How could that be possible? But all of that nonsense aside I say these things, with one point.

We are capable of destroying our ability to inhabit this Earth, we can easily see how quickly we have come so close to doing so in a little more than 100 years of industry but when we are gone, the Earth will  survive as will the faerie folk. For they inhabit the middle Earth. The middle Earth I refer to is inside this earth, they travel there through faerie mounds and enter through caverns.

I have read theories published by some scientific sorts over the years, who, while regarded as mavericks in the scientific community, have come closer to having their theories being regarded as something to be considered.  They persist in saying that instead of dumping toxic, and nuclear wastes deep into mine shafts and caverns deep into the earth instead these chemicals need to be exposed to the elements and after a period of time exposed to the sun, wind, rain, and air that they will eventually neutralize and become as if biodegraded. I don't know if such a thing could be true, but I really like to think so.

We already have seen proof of plastics that supposedly would take hundreds of years to decompose, sitting outside in the elements after a few years start to break apart and turn to dust, plastic dust, but still break down as we had been led to believe could not happen just 20 years ago.

Scientists that study the earth and it's natural growth say that in a mere 6-10 years after the last human leaves the earth, should that ever happen that the earth would overgrow and take over and obliterate everything as if it had never been here? Wow, think of that the next time you're pulling weeds and trimming the lawn!

It is frankly stupid for any human to think we live in spite of the earth, when we live with Her and need to respect Her. When I see in the parking lot next to my store, people will drop on the ground trash, garbage from their cars, with not a single thought. It blows my mind!! To me, that is the very same as if I were to throw that garbage down in my living room.  I do find it interesting that no one ever throws garbage on my parking lot, hmmmm, maybe the fact they know a witch is in residence?

No one ever likes being turned into a newt! hahaha  The faeries will help you keep your yard, your environment safe, healthy and green, just pay attention to some bits of faerie lore and information about them.

Faeries like gifts!  Let's put it right out there!!  A faerie offering is always a nice way to start. And it needn't be expensive or fancy, no no. A small pretty ceramic bowl, or a small bowl made out of stone or crystal, the mall being a key factor and pretty, a few small tumbled crystals or stones.  Or place a small bowl or plate with a strawberry or a few fresh blueberries, a little cup, like a Dixie cup if you do not have glass mini chalices, and fill with some sparkling juice.

I like to go to the dollar store and get bags of colored glass stones. They are usually sold to put into vases to hold flowers, but I throw them by the handful outside, all over the walkways, where I won't mow with the lawnmower. It doesn't matter with winter they survive the snow and are there in the spring. I always smile when I see the colorful, twinkly, sparkly glass.

Try to stay away from pesticides as they kill the bees and the spiders and all the beneficial insects we need to keep this planet alive! And please let the dandelions grow!! They are the first food for the bees in the spring. As far as human safety if you put pesticides and herbicides on your grass you need to be very aware if you allow pets and children or anyone to walk and play or to do important faerie based things. Such as looking for the faerie troupe:

If you have a garden out of doors and you go out, quietly, and sit on the ground, butt on the ground so the earth's energies can co-mingle with yours, and wait patiently .  .  .  you just may be lucky enough to see the faerie troupe parade by with the faerie king in the lead with his scepter held high! If you listen carefully you will hear the faerie music, but take care not to speak or draw any attention to yourself.

Also, it is traditional on the morning of Beltane (May Day) to go out and lay out on the grass, and take a small vial, a tiny cup or bottle and collect the tiny dew drops off of the blades of grass. If you are very quiet and careful, you might look across the grass and see other faeries doing exactly the same thing! This Beltane dew drops is very special elixir indeed and can be used for various magickal potions, especially potions designed to keep one looking youthful and vibrant.

Of course should you happen to wander about and somehow find yourself having taken the wrong path, or somehow wandered into faerie land it is very important to never eat or drink anything, no matter how thirsty or hungry you are. Even if offered by the Faerie King himself, no no! Or else you will find yourself trapped in the faerie world for a very long time, years and years.

Faeries also like to be treated with respect, a polite "how do you do?" when you happen to meet one is always appropriate. Never, ever break a promise to a faerie or oooooh (shudder) well, that is never good just trust me!

Yes, sadly, should you break a promise to a faerie, it is similar to breaking a promise to a witch! You will  bring darkness upon your life and unhappiness. So it is simply best to not make promises in the first place if you are at all worried about being able to keep your promises.

You can speak aloud to them out of doors and they will hear you. You may find some of your out door work done easier or quicker than you remember? Flowers may bloom brighter, and more birds, bees and butterflies will frequent your yard.

Putting little faerie houses is nice, and welcoming if you like the look but it is not necessary, as faeries are quite adept at finding and making perfectly lovely places to live all on their own. But they do appreciate the humans intentions.

They do like as many brightly colored flowers as possible and the nicest smelling ones also. Also faeries are the fondest of the hidden world. Mmmmm, yes indeed. You may wish to put a hidden small garden tea table with a cast iron chair or two, inside of a trimmed out evergreen bush against your house so you can see out to the street but no one can see you. Yes, it can be human sized, but the faeries will appreciate you hidden efforts!

Stones shaped like hearts, or other special shapes have meaning and special significance and anything that is special to you, will be special to the faeries as have you guessed it yet? The faeries represent a bridge of sorts. Where it leads and what it attaches you to? Well, that is up to you to determine, but the faeries are here. They will help us, if we take the time and effort to help ourselves or they will stand by and pick up the pieces after we are gone.



What can I do, you ask? Well there is a  lot that seems so much bigger than us, but it is really the small things that can make a difference.

I am switching to using stainless steel straws, and never using plastic straws again. I already use stainless steel chop sticks and have not used a disposable chop stick in several years.  I will talk to my local coffee shop about how I can use a permanent cup daily and not a disposable one, and simply one step at a time, go on from there and see how much I can reduce my carbon footprint.

We simply can't wait for our government to do so, they are too busy deflecting, making up excuses for this or that and tweeting. In the meantime our planet is dying and the faeries are waiting, will we or won't we?

What will I do?  That is what i will ask myself each day.


Live, Laugh and Always Love, Blessings, Ms. Faith









© 2010-2018 Faith M. McCann. Portions of this blog posting may include materials from my book “Enchantments School for the Magickal Arts First Year Magickal Studies.” For more information, see www.enchantmentsschool.com or go to the title of tonight's discussion and click, it will link you to my school's website. Please note that the copying and/or further distribution of this work without express written permission is prohibited.

 If you know someone who would like my work, please send them this link. If you or they would like to receive the link to the most current weekly blog post send me an e mail with your email address. You will receive a new blog post weekly. If you ever wish to unsubscribe to this blog, please contact me and you will be immediately removed from our list.

Saturday, April 28, 2018

Some Folk Traditions of Beltane!

 

Beltane Blessings All,


I have not written in quite a while about the Sabbat of Beltane, and this time I will delve into some of the little known lore and legend and folk magicks and traditions that many people no longer remember or practice around Beltane. This ancient holiday is also known as May Day and Lady's Day. There are many spring rituals held in many cultures at this time of the year. Some are religious, as when Easter falls late in the calendar and some are just a recognition of winter's end.

After a long, cold, six month dark half of the year we are now ready to welcome in the Summer months, to bring in the abundance, the prosperity, the fertility of creation, action, movement, as well as bringing in strength and optimum health on all planes, emotional, spiritual, energetically as well as physically.

Many people  find themselves restless this time of year, it is an inner need to move. We are naturally 'in sync' with the earth's energies and you can research bio rhythms to learn more but be prepared to fall down a rabbit hole for a bit, but it is enough to know, we are in tune with the earth's energy. The energy of the earth, the rocks, the oceans, the sky. This is why when the moon pulls hard on the oceans of the earth, and actually all of the moisture on earth, including every adult humans body's approximately 60% water content is affected in some curious ways. We feel the energy of the earth and we incorporate this energy in our rituals and our worship.

The one very important thing about Pagans is we embrace the fact that we are one with the Mother Earth, that we are part of the wonderful, colorful tapestry woven of the elements, and whereas all of our Sabbats and rituals recognize the elements,  one such as Beltane truly celebrates the elements we come from!

Maypole:  The May Pole is a very significant part of this early spring, first day of summer celebration. In very ancient times the first May poles were in fact living trees with ribbons or threads, strings, or strips of cloth wrapped around.

At one time, in very ancient pagan times, in Celtic Western Europe it was a folk magickal custom to take scraps of fabric, write upon them wishes or prayers for the Goddess to answer. Many would ask for healing, or for a safe child birth, or for a loved one to come back safely from a war, a serious wish, nothing frivolous. Then the cloth scrap would be tied to the branch of a tree or bush, overhanging a stream or small creek.

The idea of this, is when the piece of fabric, which would have been old, used and worn to begin with, and of course a natural material which would easily and quickly biodegrade, no synthetics back then! ,  when it had broken down and worn away, the prayer would be answered.

I am not saying that this is the origin of the Maypole but I do see similarities, as both were used on living trees in the most ancient of times, the ribbons of the Maypole did symbolize wishes and were to bring in magickal benefits to the people who danced around the pole, and the village it graced in the center of the village square. And today there are still cultures and religions that take ribbons and do write blessings and prayers on the actual ribbons to be used in ceremony in various ways.

Today it is remembered that the original colors of the Maypole ribbons were alternating red and white. One color goes in one direction and the other color goes in the other direction. Many today have all sorts of pretty colors. Our Maypole, we use many colors, except for black. That is for the dark half of the year.




It is important to point out that the Celts originated in Eastern Europe near Russia and slowly migrated west until they ended in Great Britain in Eastern Europe simply because they couldn't go any further and they were not a seafaring race. In ancient Celtic Europe in many villages and towns where they celebrated Beltane, which comes from the Gaelic bealltainn, 15th century, meaning "bright fire" or "blazing fire" villagers would erect a  great Maypole, many feet tall, and several feet thick.  Beltane would start on the eve of May 1st, on April 30th and it would last that first evening, all the next day and through the next evening.

At many Sabbat, white steer, or bulls would be driven through smoky flaming bon fires to 'purify' the animals, which today scientists say actually did sanitize the animals ridding them of vermin, pests and disease on their hides before slaughter, making them safer to consume.

The villagers would eat the meat, and many times it would be the only meat consumed except for another 3 times that year during the greater Sabbats.

The Maypole would stay erected and adorned with ribbons until Samhain, when ribbons would be removed and replaced with black, silver or grey and purple ribbons to honor the crone. At the beginning on August, before the first harvest someone would climb a ladder and nail a glove used in the field at the top of the pole. To honor the first harvest and the work it took t get to this place. The glove stays there until the pole comes down.

At Yule, the Maypole comes down and is decorated with greenery and placed in a large fire pit, many times just and end and it is fed into the fire as it burns and this is the famed Yule log. Everyone from the village would come and take a piece of the log to bring home to kindle their home fries from the magickal town fire which kept everyone connected together to one another.

Flowers:

Flowers are also a very big part of the Beltane celebration. Fresh flowers calling out clear and loud summer is here and winter has left us. Flowers are an attachment of the faerie association of Beltane season. For this, more so than any other Sabbat is truly the faerie Sabbat. I was as young as three and out in the yard picking tiny dandelions, violets and whatever I could find blossoming in the grass for a basket to place on the doorstep and then ring the bell or knock on the door and run and hide so my mother would come and find the gift from the 'faeries' on May Day!

 Flowered Circlets:

You can get garlands of artificial flowers and strands of flowers with pipe cleaners, which are prettier and softer to tie them with and ribbons to drape down the back and wear them as a crown for the festivities and the ritual. Even the Maypole can be adorned with circlets of flowers.


This is always done on May Day, no matter what day of the week it falls on, and it does not matter if it is early in the day or later in the evening, it is still appropriate.

Dew:

Another thing that can be done on Beltane morning is to go out, first thing, preferably when the sun is rising, and lay a towel out of the grass and then take a tiny vial and place it close to dew laden blades of clean grass and with a finger tip, gently tap each drop into the vial. With each one you can say a quiet thank you.  When you have a good amount of dew collected, cap tightly. This can be used for love potions and ointments to keep your skin looking youthful and refreshed.




May Wine:

One of the more popular drinks at a Beltane Sabbat is May wine and it is not made from wine necessarily, it can be made from sparkling juice. The key is to put a small sprig of sweet woodruff in each cup and a slice or two of strawberry, fresh strawberry. Strawberry is a very big item for this Sabbat. If you use sparkling grape juice that you can buy at your food market, it is good for young people and anyone who chooses to abstain from alcohol. I prefer the sparkling juice as it is lighter and more refreshing and this way I can stay up and focused for all the festivities. Much more fun!


The Great Rite or The Great Marriage:

Beltane is also the Sabbat where the Goddess and God are reputed to 'get married' to use a euphemism for more delicate sensibilities and their union is one that is believed necessary to fertilize the earth so that all can blossom and flourish and grow and become stronger so that in six weeks, come the Summer Solstice, Litha, the first harvest, which is the harvest of medicinal and magickal herbs, all of those plants are considered at their peek of magickal strength.

The night of the 29th is a full moon, which falling right before Beltane, 2 days before, allows for one to sweep clean the darkness and to clear out any last vestiges of winter scraps. Light a candle, a new, brand new candle. A color which brings you happiness. Any color you like. A pink, or red, or yellow, or green, or blue or purple any color that brings joy and happiness and excitement and reminds you of summer!

Light the candles, play happy music, fill up your kitchen with fresh fruit, feasting on fresh baked breads, spring chicken, spring herbs, pasta primavera with light cheeses and green salads, fruit salads, cheeses and crackers, flavored waters and sparkling juices are all good feast choices.

Any dessert choices keep light and fruit based, such as fruit pies, fruit sherbets, lemon puddings, even resurrecting fruit Jell-O parfaits with whipped cream is fun, pretty, festive and light. That's the whole idea. To dance the May pole, skip hop scotch, visit, socialize, walk the gardens and enjoy the outdoors you don't want to be weighed down with heavy carbs.

Bon Fire:

I will finish up this discussion with the concept of the Beltane fires. In ancient times it was reputed that fires all along the tribes and villages would be extinguished and everyone would be forced to trust in that the next morning the Beltane fires would be kindled and a new fire would be started in your homes hearth from the bigger fires with flaming brands taken from the main Beltane fires.  At a time when one did not have matches or lighters and fires were started with supplies a bit more tricky to use one needed to trust that there was going to be a fire that next morning. For to have lost the fire,would mean an end to your civilization. No warm or cooked food, which would mean an increase in disease and illness, no warmth, no safety where fire could keep away dangerous predators. Now of course, one needs to consider the time frame I may be writing about.

I tend to write often about a time when the ancient Celts lived in small stockade fence surrounded enclosure with a round house, maybe just one or two. Their entire community may have been made up of 5 to 20 of these enclosures. This would consist of their tribe and other Celtic tribes would dot the landscape all over Europe as they migrated West.

However you choose to celebrate, even if just choosing to BBQ out on the grill, sit back, relax, enjoy and know it is the beginning of Summer and the warmth and light half of the year is upon us. Blessings and peace!!


Live, Laugh and Always Love, Ms. Faith


© 2010-2018 Faith M. McCann. Portions of this blog posting may include materials from my book “Enchantments School for the Magickal Arts First Year Magickal Studies.” For more information, see www.enchantmentsschool.com or go to the title of tonight's discussion and click, it will link you to my school's website. Please note that the copying and/or further distribution of this work without express written permission is prohibited. 

 If you know someone who would like my work, please send them this link. If you or they would like to receive the link to the most current weekly blog post send me an e mail with your email address. You will receive a new blog post weekly. If you ever wish to unsubscribe to this blog, please contact me and you will be immediately removed from our list.